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Unlike USA or UK, Canada does not provide any option for undergraduate or MBBS programs directly after schooling. They offer MD courses and for a direct admission to a Canada top medical school, one needs to fulfill the following criteria-
The first half of the medical curriculum is dedicated mostly to teaching the fundamentals of, or basic subjects relevant to, medicine, such as anatomy, histology, physiology, pharmacology, genetics, microbiology, ethics, and epidemiology. This instruction can be organized by discipline or by organ system. Teaching methods can include traditional lectures, problem-based learning, laboratory sessions, simulated patient sessions, and limited clinical experiences.
The remainder of medical school is spent in clerkship. Clinical clerks participate in the day-to-day management of patients. They are supervised and taught during this clinical experience by residents and fully licensed staff physicians. Typical rotations include internal medicine, family medicine, psychiatry, surgery, emergency medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and pediatrics. Elective rotations are often available so students can explore specialties of interest for residency training.
Students enter into the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) in the fall of their final year, where they rank their preferences of hospitals and specialties. The programs to which they applied rank each student. Both sets of rank lists are confidential. Each group's preferences are entered into a computerized matching system to determine placement for residency positions.
The length of post-graduate training varies with choice of specialty. Family medicine is a 2-year program accredited by the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC), and third year programs of residency training are available in various areas of practice, including Emergency Medicine, Maternal/Child, Care of the Elderly, Palliative Care or Sports Medicine. All other medical specialty residencies are accredited by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; most are 5 years long. Internal medicine and pediatrics are 4-year programs in which the final year can be used to complete a fellowship in general internal medicine or general pediatrics, or used towards a longer fellowship (e.g., cardiology). A few surgical residencies, including cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, and some general surgery programs, last 6 years. Sub-specialty fellowships are available after most residencies.
For many residencies, the first postgraduate year (PGY1) in Canada is very similar to a rotating internship, with 1-2 month-long rotations in diverse fields. In Canada a graduate is also committed to a sub-specialty earlier than any other country like the USA.
Some sub-specialties are organized differently. For example, in Canada unlike the USA, cardiac surgery is a direct-entry residency (equivalent training can be obtained by pursuing a cardiac fellowship following residency in general surgery, but this route is far less popular). A fellowship in thoracic surgery can be pursued following residency in either cardiac or general surgery.
The MCCEE is the organization that assesses all Canadian medical school graduates and international medical graduates seeking to practise in Canada. It is a screening examination that assesses the basic medical knowledge and problem solving of a candidate at a level comparable to a minimally competent medical student completing his or her medical education in Canada and about to enter supervised practice. It provides the candidate with an estimate of the probability of his or her chances of succeeding in the Canadian system. It is not designed to test uniquely Canadian content. Access is international, with the MCCEE delivered through a service provider at 500 sites in over 80 countries. Up until 2018, the MCCEE was a prerequisite for international medical graduates (IMGs) to challenge the MCCQE Part I, and it was the minimal requirement for an IMG’s entry into postgraduate medical education in Canada.
The MCCEE is a four-hour computer-based exam that assesses your basic medical knowledge and readiness to enter your first year of supervised postgraduate training in Canada. It includes 180 multiple-choice questions covering:
The association that represents Canada’s 17 faculties of medicine and serves as the voice of academic medicine in Canada.
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