The United Kingdom
International students are a substantial part of the student population in British universities. The UK is the second most popular study destination for international students following the US at the top. If you decide to be one of more than a million foreign students in the UK, you’re definitely one step far from a guaranteed brighter future. As the place suggests, a medical discipline in UK is for true intellectuals. If you are a scholarly person, and are looking for a real erudite career, UK is the place for you.
Most undergraduate education in the UK education system (other than the University of Buckingham and BPP University College, both private institutions) is state-financed with some top-up fees to cover costs. Those who study in the UK know of the hierarchy within the universities. In the British school system, there is The Russell Group, which is a network of 24 British public research universities, contains some of the most prestigious universities in the country. This prestigious group includes universities such as the University of Birmingham, the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge, and the University of York. All of these are well-known universities and many people, both citizens of the UK and international students, aspire to attend university at one of these schools
WHY CHOOSE UK:
BENCHMARK EDUCATION QUALITY
UK is renowned for its educational standards and sets a benchmark for its international quality for any other country only to follow worldwide. More than 70 UK Universities are ranked among the World’s best Universities. Therefore, if not an accreditation, studying in a UK medical school itself testifies your educational qualification for mightier opportunities in future.
EXCELLENCY IN MEDICAL RESEARCH
According to the public portal Scimago Journal & Country Rank, the UK comes second (behind only the US) in the world for medical research. The list considers both the quantity of papers being published and the total number of citations per country.
The UK also claims the second-highest number of Nobel Prizes for medicine since 1901, just ahead of Germany. Studying medicine in the UK is a chance to benefit from world-leading expertise in research-intensive establishments.
Medicine curriculum in UK is designed is such way that students get an exposure to patient care from the very beginning. From year 3, one may be assigned your own patients during clinical placements. The course, led by expert staff and National Health Service (NHS) education providers, is designed specifically for international students who want to study medicine in the UK.
The above factors are self –explanatory that a professional doctor’s salary will definitely be worth the value of the degree. The average starting salary is over £30,000.
WORK PERMIT AFTER STUDY
There have been some changes on the post-study work visa since November 2015. You can now stay in the UK after completing graduation if you hold a job offer with an annual salary of at least 20,800 pounds (Rs. 18.3 lakh). There is no limit on the number of international students who can stay in the UK upon completion of their course. In order to work in the UK after completing your studies, you need to switch from a Tier 4 Visa to a Tier 2 General Visa. You will be required to apply for a work visa from the UK Border Agency, and you can opt from the following, depending on your employment status,post,study.
Tier 2 (General) Visa - Open to recent graduates holding a UK recognized Bachelor's, Master's or PhD degree with a job offer from a licensed employer paying a salary of at least £20,800.
Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa - Open to students who are in process of developing a world-class innovative idea and are sponsored by their university.
FREE MEDICAL TREATMENT
Indian students in the UK are eligible to receive free medical treatment by the National Health Service (NHS) if enrolled in a full-time course. Your spouse/partner and/or dependent children will also be exempt from payment if they reside with you during the course of your study programme. Your college or university may have a special health policy for students too.
MBBS IN THE UK
The MBBS in UK is a 5-6years program divided between three individual programs
To set the global benchmark, UK standards of Medical Education sets its students through a number of infiltrations of assessments, grades and rankings, post which a student emerges with the highest respect and honor. Most leading medical schools in UK are funded by the UK government
An Undergraduate program generally is between 5 to 6 years, set and followed as per the dynamic parameters of the UK General Medical Council(GMC) is not allowed to fall short of its proven standards. For this it ensures that a candidate is successfully upgraded to the Foundation course with an exceptional score of 8.
Varying between different colleges, the whole undergraduate program is split into pre-clinical subjects generally covering Anatomy, Physiology, Ethics, Psychology, Biochemistry, and Clinical subjects covering Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Paediatrics.
With noticeable change in the teaching methods, UK schools now find an eminent position of both :
Lecture-based method, where lessons and theories are imparted via classrooms, lectures and large seminars and students are thus exposed to the huge, cumulative experience of eminent Medical Professionals, Surgeons and Consultants of different backgrounds and high repute.
Problem-based method, where a group of 8-10 students and teachers are often studying, analysing and brainstorming on all possible results, hypotheses and explanations on various cases.
Foundation Year 1 is the first year of a two-year programme for doctors who have just graduated from medical school. Here, one begins to put into practice all theories and knowledge gained till date in the basic years of graduation. One needs to apply for the Foundation Program through the UK Foundation Program Office (UKFPO)
Foundation Year 1 - Foundation year 1 (F1) enables medical graduates to begin to take supervised responsibility for patient care and consolidate the skills that they have learned at medical school. Satisfactory completion of F1 will result in the award of the Foundation Year 1 Certificate of Completion (F1CC). Upon satisfactory F1 completion, the relevant university (or their designated representative in HEE, NES, NIMDTA, Wales Deanery or a foundation school) will recommend to the GMC that the doctor can be granted full registration.
Foundation Year 2 - Foundation Year 2 (F2) doctors remain under clinical supervision but take on increasing responsibility for patient care. F2 doctors further develop their core generic skills, so that at the end of F2 they can demonstrate clinical effectiveness, leadership and the decision-making responsibilities that are essential for hospital and general practice specialty training. Satisfactory completion of F2 leads to the award of a Foundation Programme Certificate of Completion (FPCC) which indicates that the foundation doctor is ready to enter a core, specialty or general practice training program.
Once doctors complete the Foundation Programme, they are able to apply to specialty training. This will determine the particular areas of medical expertise they will pursue during their careers. The length of training varies according to the specialty, ranging from three to eight years. Once that is completed, the doctor can become a consultant.
The are many kinds of specialty, with some providing opportunities for doctors to further specify their areas of interest into sub-specialties. Training and registration for each specialty is run by the relevant royal college
One type of specialty training is general practice. This has a separate training pathway and usually a shorter period of training.
Specialization Training Eligibility:
Medical specialization and training in UK require General Medical Council (GMC) medical license. The basic requirement is to have at least first medical diploma valid in UK.
The GMC Medical License is necessary for all doctors in the UK regardless of whether they are working in the National Health Service (NHS) or independent sector, on a full or part time, permanent or locum basis, either they are British or International Medical Graduates (IMGs).
It also applies to all levels of registration, whether provisional, full or on the specialist or general practitioner (GP).
Types of Training
There are several different types of training programmes. Two examples include
- Run-through training programmes - these can last between 3-7 years depending on the speciality
- Uncoupled training programmes - this involves a period of core training followed by application to competitive higher speciality training
There are four routes to GMC registration:
- Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board test (PLAB);
- Sponsorship through a recognized body such as the RCP;
- Acceptable Postgraduate qualification;
- Certification of eligibility for specialist registration (CESR);
MBBS ADMISSION ELIGIBILITY
Direct Admission : For a direct admission to a UK top medical school, one needs to fulfill the following criteria-
- Students should have completed 18 years of age
- High proficiency in English language, with a minimum 70% score in IELTS with 6.5/10 in all Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking. Other scores considered in case of application are TOEFL/PTE
- A minimum score of 60% in PCB at 10+2
- Competitive scores in UCAS Entrance Test – UKCAT/BMAT
Admission through preparatory course: In case one fails to clear or score in UCAS Entrance or is not thoroughly equipped in English or Science Disciplines, one can opt for a one-year preparatory program offered by colleges under the International Foundation in Medical, Biomedical & Health Sciences.
On scoring minimum 75% after the one-year program, will be selected via an interview, post which they can apply for MBBS in UK to pursue in international medical degree they desire.
However, in case one is not able to score 75%, they can still proceed with 65% for a Biomedical Science degree of 3 years, which is internally recognized too
COURSE FEES :
It must be emphasized that despite being hardly affordable, if you decide to study in the UK will surely worth the cost. The UK education system and its higher education degrees are valued by academics and employers all over the world.
POST GRADUATION OPTIONS AND LICENSURE
An international doctor is one who, regardless of where they obtained their primary medical qualification, doesn’t have the right of indefinite residence, is not settled in the UK (as determined by immigration and nationality law) or who doesn’t benefit from European Community rights. This definition includes doctors who have received a primary medical qualification from a UK university and completed their foundation training but who don’t have settled status or right of indefinite residence
As an international student coming from countries other than the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland, you must know that you’ll need a student visa to study in the UK. If you’re aged 16 and you’re a resident of one of these countries you can apply for a Tier 4 visa (General student), the official student visa in the UK. Prior to this, you want to make sure you’ll have money to finance your stay there during your studies. When applying for a visa you’ll need to show you have enough money to cover your course tuitions and other expenses.
There are 3 types of visa relevant to working as a doctor:
- Tier 1: successful application to tier 1 allows doctors to seek work in the UK in any non-training grade
- Tier 2: for doctors who’ve been offered a post in the UK for which the employing authority was unable to find a suitable UK or EEA doctor to fill the post; this may be either a training or a non-training post
- Tier 5: for selected international doctors to come to the UK to train for up to 2 years, following which they must return to their home country; the training won’t lead to a CCT
You will need to register with the General Medical Council (GMC) before undertaking direct patient care. International doctors can join the UK Specialist Register by applying for a Certificate of Eligibility for Specialist Registration (CESR), which proves you have undertaken training equivalent to that undertaken by a UK Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) holder.
UNIVERSITIES IN UK
The best medical schools, according to Times Higher Education (2021)
THE has found the best institutions that allow you to study medicine in the UK, based on teaching, research, international outlook and knowledge transfer
- University of Oxford, ranked 1st worldwide, 15 Masters in Medicine. About studying in Oxford.
- University of Cambridge, ranked 2nd worldwide, 14 Masters in Medicine. About studying in Cambridge.
- Imperial College London, ranked 9th worldwide, 32 Masters in Medicine.
- University College London, ranked 14th worldwide, 10 Masters in Medicine. About studying in London.
- University of Edinburgh, ranked 29th worldwide, 73 Masters in Medicine. About studying in Edinburgh.
- King’s College London, ranked 38th worldwide, 106 Masters in Medicine.
- University of Manchester, ranked 57th worldwide, 56 Masters in Medicine. About studying in Manchester.
- University of Bristol, ranked 78th worldwide, 10 Masters in Medicine. About studying in Bristol.
- University of Warwick, ranked 79th worldwide, 12 Masters in Medicine.
- University of Glasgow, ranked 93rd worldwide, 37 Masters in Medicine. About studying in Glasgow.